MADE CIRCA: 1769
MATERIAL: 20ct Yellow Gold
- Charles III of Spain sends Spanish missionaries, who found California missions in San Diego, Santa Barbara, San Francisco and Monterey, and begin the settlement of California.
- A transit of Venus is followed five hours later by a total solar eclipse, the shortest such interval in historical times. The transit is viewed by King George III of Great Britain, at the Kew Observatory.
- Richard Arkwright patents a spinning frame in England, able to weave fabric mechanically