MADE CIRCA: 1790
MATERIAL: 18ct Yellow Gold
MOVEMENT: Cylinder Escapement
CASE DIAMETER: 48mm
Clockmaker to the Navy and the King, Ferdinand Berthoud (1727-1807) began his career in horology thanks to his brother, Jean-Henri a pendulum maker, to whom he became apprentice. After establishing his clock making business in Paris, 1745, Berthoud quickly gained a reputation for his extraordinary and accurate Marine Chronometers. Such exquisite timekeepers were invaluable to the King and his army therefore, King Louis XV insisted Ferdinand Berthoud take the long journey to see the chronometers made by John Harrison in England.
Together with his great rival, Pierre Le Roy, Berthoud contributed to the development of the chronometer, he was made a member of the Institute of France and elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1764. Berthoud became a Knight of the Legion of Honour during the reign of Napoleon I after over 25 years of service to the field of horology.
- Mozart's opera Così fan tutte premiered in Vienna.
- Citizens of Paris celebrate the unity of the French people and the national reconciliation in the Fête de la Fédération.
- On the 25th September, 'Peking Opera' is born when the 'Four Great Anhui Troupes' brought Anhui opera, or what is now called Huiju to Beijing for the eightieth birthday of the Qianlong Emperor.